Thursday, 18 September 2014

History of Phoenicians

Between the time of 1200 B.c. also 900 B.c. there was no significant military power in Mesopotamia. Therefor more modest states like Phoenicia and the Hebrew kingdom could succeed. These kingdoms particularly the Phoenicians began to exchange all through the Mediterranean district.

History lets us know that the Canaanites, a tribe of Semitic birthplace, were first to possess the Lebanese shores. Without a doubt their society is said to structure the premise of the Aramaean society of both Syria and of Israelite Palestine. The Canaanites who exchanged with the Greeks got to be referred to by them as Phoenicians.

Lebanon began to be called such by name at some point in the third Millennium previous Christ, when reference is done to the Pharoahs of Egypt importing cedar wood from the mountains of Lebanon.

The term Phoenicia, from the Greek Phoenix, means the color concentrated from the mollusc shell-fish and used to shade material of the early Lebanese.

The expression Lebanon itself, is an old Semitic term signifying "White", and the nation was purported as the Lebanese mountain summits remain snow-decked for the majority of the year. Looking for exchanging accomplices, the Phoenicians cruised further far from the shores of Lebanon, certain about their fanciful vessels created in strong cedar wood.

Before the second's over century BC, they had colonized the majority of the Mediteranean shore, securing exchanging terminals and spreading the Semitic society. The best of these provinces is said to have been Carthage. From the Mediteranean, the Phoenicians went towarda westward, in the long run searching the Atlantic Ocean.

They adjusted Africa, arrived in England and Ireland and manufactured numerous urban communities in Western Europe and on the Atlantic shoreline of Africa. Be that as it may while the Phoenicians got to be incredible dealers - their products included showstoppers, materials, fragile crystal, valuable stones and fragrance - their scholarly commitment to society ensured their spot ever.

They gave the world the twenty-two "enchantment signs" called the letter set, the initially created arrangement of advanced composition and numerical figures. They likewise taught humanity the specialty of stone building and glass fabricating.

Monday, 20 January 2014

Phoenicia from the Greek

Phoenicia from the Greek was a very old Semitic civilization positioned on the western, coastal part of the Fertile Crescent and centered on the seashore of modern Lebanon. All main Phoenician cities were on the coastline of the Mediterranean, some colonies reaching the Western Mediterranean. It was an innovative maritime trading culture that spread across the Mediterranean from 1550 BC to 300 BC. 

The Phoenicians employed the galley, a man-powered sailing vessel, and are credited with the creation of the bireme. They were famed in Classical Greece and Rome as 'traders in purple', referring to their monopoly on the valued purple dye of the Murex snail, used, among other things, for royal clothing, and for their spread of the alphabet, from which all but one up to date phonetic alphabets are derived.